The area of Physics of Nanosystems is devoted to the research of structures and new physical phenomena at the nanoscale (less than 100 nm).
Matter shows different behaviour at an atomic level compared to the macroscopic one. Properties at the nanoscale are not ruled by classical Physics laws, but by Mesoscopic Physics and Quantum Mechanics.
Nowadays powerful Microscopes and Techniques are available not only to characterize, but also to manipulate matter at the nanoscale with high precision. Thanks to these improvements, it is possible to modify structures and create others with new molecular properties for different
functionalities: new magnetic and optical electronic devices; new magnetic data storage systems; nanoparticles with new properties and nanostructured materials. New uses rise in many fields, such as electronics, medicine, environment or whatever scientific branch.
Nanostructures based on ferroic materials:
• Granular magnetoresistive sensors.
• Magnetism and magnetotransport in thin films.
• Ferroelectric and multiferroic thin films and heterostructures.
• Nanofabrication by dual beam.
• Micro‐ and nanodevices (MEMS and NEMS).
• Dip‐pen Nanolithography.
Local Probe Methods:
• Study of nanostructures by scanning probe methods (STM, AFM, MFM).
• Nanofabrication with atomic scale precision (atomic manipulation).
• Study of nanostructures by scanning electron microscopy (SEM)
• Study of nanostructures by transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
–High Resolution (HRTEM)
–Ultra‐high Resolution (UHRTEM)